(Nov. 26, 1919 – Sept 2, 2013)
Frederik Pohl was one of the most active early fans, a creator of fandom-as-we-know-it, who remained a fan until his death. In a professional career spanning over 75 years, he was one of the major professional writers and editors in the field, as well as an influential literary agent.
He found sf in 1928 and formed an sf discussion group in grammar school in 1932. In the 1930s, while in his teens in New York, he helped to found the Futurians and, after Don Wollheim and John Michel, may been the most influential fan in that faction of fandom. He promoted a Futurian Federation of the World. He was one of the Quadrumvirs.
He attended the First Convention, hijacked an elevator at the Third Eastern Convention and named it Shaggoth 6, and participated in an unfortunate foray into gastronomy in creating the Science Fiction Special. He was nicknamed Eo-Pohl, Øred Pohl and Phi.
He was Official Editor of the NYBISA, and launched the Science Fiction Poets' Guild in 1938. He edited the fanzines, Mind of Man, Arcturus, and International Observer. He was a member of the ISA, the ICFC, the SFL, the BSFL, the ENYSFL, the GNYSFL, the NYBISA, the ILSF, FAPA, the QSFL, the STF Poet's Guild, the Futurians Publisher's Association, and the science Fictioneers -- all before 1940.
He was one of the six Futurians prevented from attending the First Worldcon by the Exclusion Act.
His memoir The Way the Future Was is an essential work of fan history. He wrote for such zines as Algol, Xero and Trap Door. In his early years, he published the fanzines The International Observer of Science and Science Fiction and Mind of Man. Along with Jack Gillespie, he was formally censured by the Futurians in late 1941 for describing their fanzine, Futurian Review, as the club's Official Organ.
At the urging of his editor Jim Frenkel, Pohl, then nearly 90, started The Way the Future Blogs, a weblog recounting his reminiscences as a fan and pro, with the support of a blog team consisting of his wife, Betty Hull, stepdaughter Cathy Pizarro, tech guy Dick Smith and blogmaster Leah Zeldes. On the strength of it, he won the 2010 Hugo Award for Best Fan Writer.
Pohl’s pro career began in 1937 and his notable stories and novels are too numerous to list. He was the Most Senior SF Writer for seven years.
He was editor of Galaxy and IF from 1961 to 1969, edited the Star Science Fiction series for Ballantine, and worked at Ace. He ran an important sf literary agency. He was President of SFWA in 1974–76.
His pseudonyms included: Edson McCann, Jordan Park, Elton V. Andrews, Paul Fleur, Warren F. Howard, Scott Mariner, Ernst Mason, James McCreigh, Dirk Wilson and Donald Stacy.
He was married five times. His first wife, Leslie Perri, was another Futurian; they were married in 1940 and divorced in 1944. Jack Speer described them in Up to Now as “possibly fandom's first matrimonial match.” Pohl then married Dorothy Les Tina in Paris in 1945 while both were serving in the military in Europe; the marriage ended in 1947.
In 1948, he married Judith Merril; they had a daughter, Ann. They divorced in 1952. In 1953, he married Carol M. Ulf Stanton, with whom he had three children and collaborated on several books; they separated in 1977 and were divorced in 1983. In 1984, he married sf academic Elizabeth Anne Hull and moved to the Chicago area after a lifetime in New York and New Jersey.
He was the grandfather of writer Emily Pohl-Weary, Ann's daughter.
- Early short biography in Who's Who in Fandom 1940, page 11.
- Entry in The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction.
- “Fred’s Pen Names” by Frederik Pohl, The Way the Future Blogs, May 14, 2010.
- Pohl reading his poem “!” (Text.)
- 1978 radio interview conducted by Richard Wolinsky, Richard A. Lupoff and Lawrence Davidson.
- “Science Fiction as Social Criticism,” 1963 interview with Fred Lerner.
- Pohl’s reminiscences of Worldcons from the Noreascon Three PB:
- Arcturus [1935-37]
- Flatbush Artery 
- International Observer [1936-37] (some issues)
- Mind of Man [1930s]
- Science Fiction Advertiser [1937-38]
- Voice of the Gostak [1930s]
Awards, Honors and GoHships:
- Fred won the 1973 Best Short Story Hugo, the 1978 Best Novel Hugo, the 1986 Best Short Story Hugo, and the 2010 Best Fan Writer Hugo.
- IF, under his editorship, won the Best Professional Magazine Hugo three times (1966-1968) and received nominations in 1965 and 1969.
- He was nominated for the 1965 Best Professional Magazine Hugo, the 1973 Best Novella Hugo, the 1977 Best Novel Hugo, the 1980 Best Novel Hugo, the 1981 Best Novel Hugo, the 1984 Best Short Story Hugo, and the 1993 Best Novella Hugo and, in 2004, the 1954 Best Professional Editor Retro Hugo and the 1954 Best Short Story Retro Hugo.
- 1962 -- Lunacon 6
- 1964 -- Invisible Little Man Award
- 1966 -- Boskone 2, Skylark Award
- 1968 -- Marcon III
- 1972 -- L.A.Con
- 1973 -- Kubla Khan Clave
- 1974 -- Balticon 8
- 1975 -- ConFusion 13, Unicon 1, Columbicon
- 1976 -- Fourth Dimension Con
- 1977 -- AggieCon VIII, Brookcon III, Penulticon '77, Jack Williamson Lectureship
- 1978 -- Apricon, Couleecon, John W. Campbell Memorial Award
- 1979 -- NorthAmericon '79
- 1980 -- URCON II, Norwescon III, Ambercon 2, MidSouthCon 1
- 1981 -- OryCon '81, Hillcon 1
- 1982 -- Windycon IX, Kubla Khan Tenuum, Omacon 2, OKon 5
- 1983 -- Humanicon I
- 1984 -- Onocon '84
- 1985 -- Capricon 5, MidSouthCon 4, Life, the Universe, & Everything 3
- 1986 -- VCON 14, Archon 10, Philcon 1986
- 1987 -- InConJunction VII, Necronomicon '87, Triangulum 1987
- 1988 -- Minicon 23, Contradiction 8
- 1989 -- ICON 14, Eurocon 1989, I-Con VIII, First Fandom Hall of Fame
- 1990 -- StellarCon XV, Random Realities -- The Convention
- 1992 -- Kubla Khanterfeit
- 1993 -- Ad Astra 13, Context VI, SFWA Grand Master Award
- 1994 -- Con-Version XI, Jack Williamson Lectureship
- 1996 -- MileHiCon 28, Thomas D. Clareson Award for Distinguished Service
- 1998 -- WindyCon XXV, Raymond Z. Gallun Award
- 2000 -- Foolscap IV, Prix Utopia
- 2004 -- Jack Williamson Lectureship
- 2005 -- LibertyCon 18, Boskone 42 (NESFA Press Guest)
- 2006 -- Jack Williamson Lectureship
- 2008 -- Necronomicon 2008
- 2010 -- Capricon 30
- Locus Award
- Nebula Awards (three)
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