|After the June 1938 FAPA campaign, Speer made preparations to launch a formal political party with the Phillies, Queensies, and other allies, to be called the Constitutional party, and formed by a dozen people signing a joint declaration. The idea was scrapped when the Wollheimists, their opponents, dropped out. In 1939 the Progressive Party was formed by McPhail, with Taurasi and Marconette, on a platform opposing fan feuds and denouncing alien isms. They were embarrassed when the Futurians, the obvious target of the platform, applied for admission, on the ground that they approved substantially of the party's aims; McPhail dissolved and re-formed it without the Futurians. In 1941 the Futurians had a go at this, forming a Constitutionalist party of their own; it opposed some moves of Rothman's in violation of the constitution and a proposal to raise the annual dues to 75¢ [!!] which had been erroneously declared passed after a special election (too few members had voted for the election to be valid). Both the Progressives and Constitutionalists put up slates but failed to elect them. In 1944 Laney, Tucker, and Ashley formed the Freedom party, as described under Order of Dagon, which elected its candidates but lost its reason for existence when the Futurians withdrew from FAPA to form Vanguard.
More effective in winning elections were unofficial combinations like the Wollheimists -- against whom, note, all parties except the one formed by them were openly or tacitly directed -- the Order of Dagon during its brief life, and the FAPA Brain Trust, which supplied nearly all the officials for the N3F and FAPA between the Interregnums and Operation Futurian.