(May 23, 1921 – July 30, 1975)
In the late 30s and early 40s, he edited a fanzine, The Planeteer, was a member of the Futurians (and was one of those to be thrown out in 1945 according to the "X Document"), and attended one of the earliest conventions, the Second Eastern States Science Fiction Convention. He was a member of VAPA, book reviewer for Fantasy Times, critic for Sky Hook, and a member of the Science Fiction Advancement Association. After the War, he founded Vanguard Records with Robert Lowndes.
He was Worldcon GoH at Pittcon, and won the 1959 Best Novel Hugo for the novel-length version of A Case of Conscience, the 1954 Best Novelette Retro Hugo for "Earthman Come Home" and the 1954 Best Novella Retro Hugo for "A Case of Conscience". He was also nominated for the 1956 Best Short Story Hugo, 1970 Best Novella Hugo, and the 1951 Best Novelette Retro Hugo. He is credited with coining the term "gas giant." His criticism was collected and published by Advent as
- The Issue at Hand, by William Atheling, Jr. (1964)
- More Issues at Hand, by William Atheling, Jr. (1970)
- The Tale That Wags the God, by James Blish (1987)
Blish was born in New Jersey, lived in Milford, Pennsylvania until the mid-1960s. In 1968, he emigrated to England, and lived in Oxford until his death in 1975. He is buried in Holywell Cemetery, Oxford, near the grave of Kenneth Grahame.
Awards, Honors and GoHships:
- 1954 -- Best Novelette Retro Hugo for "Earthman Come Home", Best Novella Retro Hugo for "A Case of Conscience"
- 1959 -- Best Novel Hugo for A Case of Conscience
- 1960 -- Pittcon
- 1967 -- Lunacon 10
- 1970 -- SCI-CON 70
- 2002 -- SF Hall of Fame
Also involved: - A Sense of FAPA - Advent:Publishers - Astonishing Stories - Canticles from Labowitz - Cosmic Stories - Coventry - Cypher - Damon Knight - Ditmar Awards - Doc Lowndes - Gnome Press - Hubert Rogers - In Search of Wonder - Jack B. Emden - Jim Mann - Kalki - Leland Sapiro - Lester del Rey - Lunacon 9 - Occasional - Paranoia and SF - Philcon 1963 - Philcon 1968 - Redd Boggs - Riverside Quarterly - Science Fiction Quarterly - Signet Books - SpinDizzy - Super Science Stories - The Futurians (Knight) - Tumbrils - Vanguard - Walter Kubilius - Warhoon - Westercon 16 - Who Killed Science Fiction? - Xero
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Also- Ditmar Awards