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Science fiction has existed in China since Lu Xun (penname of Zhou Shuren, 25 September 1881–19 October 1936), a leading figure of Chinese literature, translated From the Earth to the Moon by French author Jules Verne into Chinese in 1902. Fannish activity in China today takes place in Shanghai; Beijing; Chengdu, Sichuan; and, likely, other places obscure to the West.

SF AppleCore in Shanghai, the largest and most active sf club in eastern China, has held the Shanghai SF & Fantasy Festival in 2009 and annually since 2011.

The Beijing Science Fiction Reading Group meets weekly. The city has hosted the China Science Fiction Convention since 2016. China’s first Worldcon bid, Beijing in 2016, lost to Kansas City in 2016.

The Nebula Awards have been given annually since 2010 for pro and fan activity by the World Chinese Science Fiction Association.

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