(December 8, 1861 — January 21, 1938)
Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès, known as Georges Méliès, was a French illusionist and film director. He is known for developing many early technical and narrative innovations, including special effects such as multiple exposures and time-lapse photography; he was one of the first to use storyboards.
His science fantasy films include A Trip to the Moon (1902) and The Impossible Voyage (1904) and are considered to be some of the most important early science fiction films.
The scene of the spaceship actually hitting the moon from A Trip to the Moon has become one of the most iconic images in science fiction films:
Méliès' life was the inspiration for Brian Selznick's 2007 illustrated novel The Invention of Hugo Cabret; it was made into the movie Hugo, which was a finalist for the 2012 Best Dramatic Presentation, Long Form Hugo Award.
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