Science-Fiction

(1) What I Point To

from Fancyclopedia 2 ca. 1959
The branch of fantasy which deals with "the results of the occurrence of some scientific phenomenon or invention which has never been known to occur, but is possible in the sense that it cannot be proved impossible". (That's the IPO definition.) Simpler is Lowndes': "an extrapolation on some scientific fact".

We exclude from "science-fiction" stories like "The Geometrics of Johnny Day" and many of the "Hick's Inventions With a Kick" series which are demonstrably possible right now; their misclassification as stf rests upon a misunderstanding of the term "science-fiction" as if it meant any fiction which involve science, like Arrowsmith. It is also required that the story be scientifically plausible; that it not disregard accepted contemporary scientific knowledge, tho mere inaccuracies come under the heading of literary license — a stfyarn does not become weird or fantasy because of them. (Similarly, statistical investigation — like looking to see what's actually on the site where Heinlein's hero built his "Crooked House" in LA — does not change the classification.) And when further advance of science may show a story impossible, as with Charles Brockden Brown's Wieland (1789), based on ventriloquism, the tale should remain in the classification "science fiction".

The three fathers of science-fiction are Edgar Allan Poe, Jules Verne, and H G Wells. The latter explored almost all of the fields now exploited in science-fiction magazines, and raised SF to the level of a literary type. As authors have explored more fields of fantasy, and commentators have continued to divide the field into only three parts (stf, weird, and "pure" fantasy), "science-fiction" has come to mean other fiction besides that based on extrapolation of scientific fact into our future: virtually all tales of the future, the prehistoric past, or of alternate presents or pasts, even tho no connection with our present via time-machine is indicated (as H G Wells' The Brothers). Marconette has suggested the class "political fantasy".

Other names for science-fiction are Scientifiction; pseudo-science stories (fiercely fought by our fraternity); scientific fiction (which some prefer because of a mistaken belief that the modifier [scientific] should be in adjectival form); and scientific romances (last word meaning imaginative novels such as grew up during the Romantic revolt, not necessarily connected with affection).
from Fancyclopedia 1 ca. 1944
The branch of fantasy which deals with "the results of the occurrence of some scientific phenomenon or invention that has never been known to occur, but is possible in the sense that it cannot be proved impossible." (IPO). The usual definition is along the Lowndes formula, "an extrapolation on some scientific fact". For the Wollheim distinction, see the quote under fantasy.

It is important to exclude from "science-fiction", stories like "The Geometrics of Johnny Day" and many of the "Hick's Inventions with a Kick" series which are demonstrably possible (they rest on a misunderstanding of the term "science-fiction", as tho it were any fiction that involved science); it is also required that the story be scientifically plausible, that it not disregard accepted contemporary scientific knowledge. However, when further advance of science may show a story impossible, as with C B Brown's story (c.1800) based on ventriloquism, the tale should remain in the classification of "science-fiction".

As authors have explored more fields of fantasy, and commentators have continued to divide the field into only three parts, s-f, weird, and pure fantasy, "science-fiction" has come to include other fiction besides that based upon extrapolation of scientific fact: virtually all tales of the future, the prehistoric past, or of alternate presents or pasts, even tho no connection with our present via time-machine is indicated (example, H. G. Wells's "The Brothers"). Marconette suggested the class "political fantasy".

Other names for science-fiction are scientifiction, scientific romances, and pseudo-science stories.

(2) A Fanzine by Van Ikin

A fanzine published by Van Ikin.

Issue Date
42 2000
43 2001
44 2002
45 2008
46 2009
47 2016

(2) An Apazine by Larry Shaw, Judith Merrill and Dan Zissman

Written Science*Fiction, it was a one-shot, 22-page, apazine published in January 1946 by Larry Shaw and Dan and Judy Zissman (Judith Merrill). It was distributed in both FAPA and VAPA.