Cyberpunk

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Cyberpunk is a term popularized by Gardner Dozois to describe a school of SF that arose in the 1980s with works by Bruce Sterling, William Gibson and John Shirley.

Bruce Bethke coined the word as the title of his 1983 short story in Amazing.

Cyber refers to cybernetics and information technology that allows for more intimate interactions with human bodies and brain, and punk comes from rock’n’roll terminology of the 1970s, refering to the young, streetwise, and alienated.

Other writers of cyberpunk have included Rudy Rucker, Neal Stephenson, Pat Cadigan, Tom Maddox, Lewis Shiner, and Richard Kadrey.

Mirrorshades, an anthology of early cyberpunk stories edited by Sterling, was published in 1988.

Some movies considered to be cyberpunk (or proto-cyberpunk) are Blade Runner (1982), The Terminator (1984), The Lawnmower Man (1992), Johnny Mnemonic (1995), Strange Days (1995), and The Matrix (1999).

It led to an outgrowth of other terms, such as steampunk and dieselpunk.



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