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A few conventions move from site to site every year, and prospective concoms bid for the right to host them. The members of these peripatetic conventions vote on where the future con will be held one or two years in advance, choosing from a slate of contenders: the bids.

Successful bidding for larger conventions involves throwing bid parties, putting out information at bid tables, advertising, and targeting fans likely to vote.

A bid normally consists of a bid committee and a proposed site. (But see 7 in '77 for an exception.) To win the opportunity to host a Worldcon, a group of fans would organize a bid committee and start campaigning two or three years before the site selection vote. For a Worldcon to be held in 2020, for example, the vote would be held in 2018, so bidders would typically announce their intentions around 2016 (although some bids have started years early, and the time period involved has changed over the years).

There are rarely more than one or two bidders, but even if there is only one, an active bid campaign is essential because the goodwill gained by a well-run bid translates into an eagerness to attend the resulting convention and -- especially with Worldcons and their high fixed costs -- a few more members translates disproportionately into more money to put into niceties at the con.

Bids pay their campaign expenses and build support, in part, through sales of pre-supporting memberships, although volunteers on the bidcom usually pay their own travel expenses. Recognizing that these funds go to pay for the parties, many fans will pre-support more than one bid.

Conventions that move around include Worldcon, Westercon, Eastercon, DeepSouthCon, Smofcon and Corflu. The larger the convention the more elaborate the bidding process. See Worldcon Bids for more on Worldcon bidding and Other Bids for, well, other bids.

The bid campaign is usually named "City in Year": Boston in '89, KC in '76, Chicago in 2012. The actual name of the winning convention is often not announced till voting is over.

See also: 1939 Worldcon Site Selection - 1940 Worldcon Site Selection - 1941 Worldcon Site Selection - 1942 Worldcon Site Selection - 1947 Worldcon Site Selection - 1948 Westercon Site Selection - 1948 Worldcon Site Selection - 1949 Westercon Site Selection - 1949 Worldcon Site Selection - 1950 Westercon Site Selection - 1950 Worldcon Site Selection - 1951 Westercon Site Selection - 1951 Worldcon Site Selection - 1952 Westercon Site Selection - 1952 Worldcon Site Selection - 1953 Westercon Site Selection - 1953 Worldcon Site Selection - 1954 Westercon Site Selection - 1954 Worldcon Site Selection - 1955 Westercon Site Selection - 1955 Worldcon Site Selection - 1956 Westercon Site Selection - 1956 Worldcon Site Selection - 1957 Westercon Site Selection - 1957 Worldcon Site Selection - 1958 Westercon Site Selection - 1958 Worldcon Site Selection - 1959 Westercon Site Selection - 1959 Worldcon Site Selection - 1960 Westercon Site Selection - 1960 Worldcon Site Selection - 1961 Westercon Site Selection - 1961 Worldcon Site Selection - 1962 Westercon Site Selection - 1962 Worldcon Site Selection - 1963 Westercon Site Selection - 1963 Worldcon Site Selection - 1964 Westercon Site Selection - 1964 Worldcon Site Selection - 1965 Westercon Site Selection - 1965 Worldcon Site Selection - 1966 Westercon Site Selection - 1966 Worldcon Site Selection - 1967 Westercon Site Selection - 1967 Worldcon Site Selection - 1968 Westercon Site Selection - 1968 Worldcon Site Selection - 1969 Westercon Site Selection - 1969 Worldcon Site Selection - 1970 Westercon Site Selection