(1865 - 1936)
Joseph Rudyard Kipling was the son of John Lockwood Kipling, a prominent sculptor and illustrator, and Alice Macdonald Kipling. The couple had met at Rudyard Lake in Rudyard, Staffordshire, England, and were so taken with the beauty of the place that they named their firstborn after it.
Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay, British India, where his parents had moved the year before, He was one of the most popular writers in English in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries, in both prose and verse. Kipling is best known today for The Jungle Book, Kim, some of his mainstream short stories (e. g., “The Man Who Would Be King”), and a few of his poems (e. g., “Mandalay” and “Gunga Din”); but he also wrote SF.
His most popular SF stories were “The Mark of the Beast,” “A Matter of Fact,” “The Ship That Found Herself,” “.007,” “Wireless,” “With the Night Mail,” “As Easy as A. B. C.,” “In the Same Boat,” “The Eye of Allah,” and “Unprofessional.” Ten of his SF stories, selected by John Brunner, are collected in Kipling's Science Fiction (Tor, 1992),
Henry James said of him: "Kipling strikes me personally as the most complete man of genius (as distinct from fine intelligence) that I have ever known."
When Kipling received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1907, he was the first English language writer to receive the prize.