Ralph Bakshi

(b. October 29, 1938 in Haifa, at that time in the British Mandate for Palestine)

Ralph Bakshi is an American director of animated and live-action films.

In the 1970s, he established an alternative to mainstream animation through independent and adult-oriented productions.

Between 1972 and 1992, he directed nine theatrically released feature films, five of which he wrote. He has been involved in numerous television projects as director, writer, producer and animator.