Providence, Rhode Island, has a long history of fandom, particularly in connection with the horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. Lovecraft lived most of his life in Providence except for a few years in New York. Many local groups provide walking tours of Providence which includes Lovecraft's homes

The world's premier collection of Lovecraft's books and papers is housed at Providence's John Hay Library, at Brown University.

Providence was the site of the First World Fantasy Convention in 1975.