(1) An Early British Fanzine
In 1940, Carnell attempted to turn New Worlds into a prozine, but failed when the publisher he was working with turned out to be a crook.
(2) A British Prozine
After the War, Carnell revived the pre-war fanzine in 1946, with three issues published by Pendulum Publications in 1946 and 1947. In October 1947, after Pendulum went bust, the Nova Mob, a group of fans and pros who were part of the White Horse pub meetings (including John Carnell, Frank Edward Arnold, Walter Gillings, Eric C Williams and John Wyndham) formed Nova Publications to revive New Worlds in 1949 with Carnell continuing as editor through 1964. During this period it was the major force in British SF and helped launch the careers of Brian W Aldiss, J G Ballard, John Brunner, Kenneth Bulmer, Colin Kapp, E. C. Tubb and James White
In 1964, it was taken over by Roberts & Vinter with Michael Moorcock as editor and published as a monthly. Moorcock continued as editor after the Arts Council took it over in 1967 to its collapse in 1970. During this time, Moorcock was assisted by a number of other people including Graham Charnock, Graham Hall, Langdon Jones and James Sallis with Charles Platt as editor of the last four issues. This incarnation of New Worlds was much more avant-garde, and helped to launch the New Wave. It may have been a critical success, but was not particularly well-liked among readers. Writers from this period included Barrington J Bayley, John Clute, M. John Harrison, Robert Holdstock, Langdon Jones, David I Masson and Ian Watson.
New Worlds was revived again in 1971 through 1976 as a series of original anthologies edited in various combinations by Moorcock, Charles Platt, and Hilary Bailey. It was revived again in 1978 as more of an underground fanzine with several issues through 1979. It was revived again in 1991 by David S Garnett, with Moorcock as Consulting Editor as a series of anthologies which continued under several publishers through 1997. It has again been resurrected in a combined print and web version.
See http://www.sf-encyclopedia.com/entry/new_worlds for much more detail about New Worlds.
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