Cyberpunk

Cyberpunk is a term used by Gardner Dozois to describe a school of SF that became popular in the 1980s. The writers who headed up the school were Bruce Sterling, William Gibson, and John Shirley.

Cyberpunk had previously been used as the title of a SF story by Bruce Bethke.

"Cyber" refers to cybernetics and information technology that allows for more intimate interactions with human bodies and brain, and "punk" comes from rock'n'roll terminology of the 1970s, refering to the young, streetwise, and aliented.

Other writers of cyberpunk have included Rudy Rucker, Neal Stephenson, Pat Cadigan, Tom Maddox, Lewis Shiner, and Richard Kadrey.

Mirrorshades, an anthology of early cyberpunk stories edited by Sterling, was published in 1988.

Some movies considered to be cyberpunk (or proto-cyberpunk) are Blade Runner (1982), The Terminator (1984), The Lawnmower Man (1992), Johnny Mnemonic (1995), Strange Days (1995), and The Matrix (1999).