Hugo Award

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The Hugo Award, the most prestigious award in Science Fiction, is named after Hugo Gernsback, publisher of the first all-stf magazine Amazing Stories. The Hugos are fandom’s highest honor to its members and others whose work fans admire. Hugo winners are selected annually by the members of the World Science Fiction Society and the presentation ceremonies are central to fandom's most important event, the World Science Fiction Convention.

Regular categories are Best Fanzine, Best Fan Writer, Best Fan Artist, Best Novel, Best Novella, Best Novelette, Best Short Story, Best Related Work, Best Dramatic Presentation, Long Form, Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form. Best Editor, Long Form, Best Editor, Short Form, Best Professional Artist, Best Semiprozine, Best Graphic Story, Best Fancast, and Best Series, with others being considered (but probably not "Best Fannish Cat," at least not yet) from time to time. The Worldcon Committee can and sometimes does name a Committee Special Award each year.

The Hugo Trophy consists of a silvery cast-metal Hugo rocket, which is the same from year to year mounted on a Hugo base which each Worldcon designs specially.

Despite some filthy pros' efforts to use the Hugo as a marketing tool, ithe awards are entirely a fannish endeavor. While pros who pay for membership in WSFS may vote, the administration of the awards, counting of the ballots and production of the awards ceremony are all done by volunteer fans.

To even be nominated (be a finalist on the ballot) is considered a great honour, and unlike other awards, we record that here.

See Hugo Rules for more information and Hugo voting process if you really want the gory details. See also Campbell Award (now renamed the Astounding Award), Special Committee Awards and Retro Hugos.

Official website


History of the Hugos[edit]

The First Hugos[edit]

Fans first awarded the Hugo at Worldcon in 1953. The first Hugos were called the Science Fiction Achievement Awards and were announced in Philcon II's PR 3. They seem to have hoped that the SFAA would become a permanent award, since they called them the "First Annual". (The following Worldcon, SFCon did not award the Hugos in 1954, but the Clevention did in 1955 and that made them a Hallowed Tradition.

The informal name stuck, and in 1992 was made the official (trademarked, even) name.

The Hugo has been called "the tail that wagged the dog": the first awards were given out more than a dozen years after the first Worldcon, but at present the WSFS Constitution that governs the Worldcon list the giving of the Hugo as the primary function of the convention.

Process History[edit]

The Hugo Award started out in 1953 as a one-step process; there was no separate nominations phase prior to voting, but, instead, simply a vote among all the works that were considered eligible.

Starting in 1959, there was a separate nominations ballot, and then a vote among the nominees for the final ballot. The nominators weren't required to be members of the Worldcon (or any Worldcon) -- ballots were freely distributed. In fact, on pg 167 of the May 1962 Analog, there's an open solicitation for nominations as part of P. Schuyler Miller's "The Reference Library" column (the book reviews section of Analog).

And voting was also open, until 1961, when the rules were changed to limit it to current Worldcon members.

The rules adopted in 1981 limited nominations to the members of the current Worldcon, although that procedure had been followed by several prior Worldcons. The procedure stayed unchanged until 1988, when Worldcon members from the previous year were added to the group that could nominate.

And so the current two-step process wasn't fully in place until 1963 (although parts were in place starting in 1959).

The WSFS Constitution didn't exist until 1963. There were a set of WSFS Business Meeting resolutions, but they hadn't all been collected, or determined as to which were binding, and how, prior to then. The WSFS Constitution was put together by a committee appointed by the 1962 (Chicon III) WSFS Business Meeting, headed by George Scithers, and was adopted by the 1963 Worldcon.

From 1963 on, the WSFS Constitution indicated what the categories were.

Jo Walton has written a history of the Hugos up to the year 2000.

From Fancyclopedia 2 ca 1959
(Madle) The International Fantasy Award, named after Hugo Gernsback & by analogy with mundane Oscars, Emmys, etc. Hal Lynch and Bob Madle brainstormed this annually presented set of commendations at the Philcon II; they are presented by a committee to top fanzines, proz, artists, ktp, at the Worldcon. The poll selecting winners in the various categories is perhaps the only fan poll which still produces results reflecting general fan attitudes, thanks to its size.

Category History[edit]

Best Novel 1953-present
Best Professional Magazine 1953-present (Became Best Professional Editor category in 1973.)
Best Cover Artist 1953
Best Interior Illustrator 1953
Best Feature Writer 1953, 1955
Most Promising New Author 1953, 1956, 1959
Number 1 Fan Personality 1953, 1957
Best Novelette 1955-1956, 1959, 1967-1969, 1973-present
Best Short Story 1955-1956, 1958-1959, 1967-present
Best Professional Artist 1955-1956, 1958-present
Best Fanzine 1955-1957, 1959-present
Best Book Reviewer 1956
Best Novel or Novelette 1958 (replaced Best Novel for this one year.)
Best Dramatic Presentation 1958-present
Best SF or Fantasy Movie 1959
Best Novella 1968-present
Best Short Fiction 1960-1966
Best SF Book Publisher 1964-1965
Best All-Time Series 1966
Best Fan Writer 1967-present
Best Fan Artist 1967-present
Best Professional Editor 1973-present
Best Non-Fiction Book 1980-present
Best Semiprozine 1983-present
Best Other Forms 1988
Best Translation 1990
Best Original Artwork 1990, 1992-1996
Best Related Book re-titling of Best Non-Fiction Book from 1999 to 2009
Best Web Site 2003, 2005
Best Dramatic Presentation, Long Form 2004-present. (Best Dramatic Presentation after short form split out.)
Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form 2004-present
Best Editor, Long Form 2006-present. (Best Professional Editor after Short Form split out)
Best Editor, Short Form 2006-present. (split out from Best Professional Editor)
Best Graphic Story 2009-present
Best Related Work 2010-present. (retitling of Best Related Book)
Best Fancast 2012-present
Best Series 2017-present
(Campbell Award) 1973-2019
(Astounding Award) 2020-present

Hugo Category Timeline[edit]

1953-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Fiction
1955-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Fiction
1968-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Fiction
1955-01-01T00:00:00Z
1959-01-01T00:00:00Z
Fiction
1960-01-01T00:00:00Z
1966-01-01T00:00:00Z
Fiction
1967-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Fiction
1973-01-01T00:00:00Z
2019-01-01T00:00:00Z
Fiction
2020-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Fiction
1966-01-01T00:00:00Z
Fiction
2017-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Fiction
1953-01-01T00:00:00Z
1972-01-01T00:00:00Z
Publishing
1964-01-01T00:00:00Z
1965-01-01T00:00:00Z
Publishing
1983-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Publishing
1956-01-01T00:00:00Z
Publishing
1973-01-01T00:00:00Z
2005-01-01T00:00:00Z
Publishing
2006-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Publishing
2006-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Publishing
1953-01-01T00:00:00Z
Art
1953-01-01T00:00:00Z
Art
1955-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Art
1990-01-01T00:00:00Z
1996-01-01T00:00:00Z
Art
2009-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Art
1953-01-01T00:00:00Z
1959-01-01T00:00:00Z
Pro
1953-01-01T00:00:00Z
1957-01-01T00:00:00Z
Fan
1955-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Fan
1967-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Fan
1967-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Fan
2012-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Fan
1959-01-01T00:00:00Z
Media
1956-01-01T00:00:00Z
2003-01-01T00:00:00Z
Media
2004-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Media
2004-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Media
1980-01-01T00:00:00Z
1998-01-01T00:00:00Z
Related
1999-01-01T00:00:00Z
2009-01-01T00:00:00Z
Related
2010-01-01T00:00:00Z
2025-01-01T00:00:00Z
Related
1953-01-01T00:00:00Z
1955-01-01T00:00:00Z
Misc
1988-01-01T00:00:00Z
Misc
2003-01-01T00:00:00Z
2005-01-01T00:00:00Z
Misc
1990-01-01T00:00:00Z
Misc
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Hugo Winners[edit]

1953, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019


Award Files Website(IA) Search: Fanac, Fan, Pro, SFE, Wikipedia, Reasonator 1953

Also involved: - 1954 Retro Hugos - Achievement Awards - Achievement-awards - Advent:Publishers - Alexandra Pierce - Alfie Awards - Alisa Krasnostein - Ann Leckie - Anne McCaffrey - Annette Lotz - Banana Wings - Ben Jason - Big Tent - Bob Shaw - Brian M. Thomsen - Buck Coulson - Chesley Award - Chesley Bonestell - Chicago, IL - Christopher J. Garcia - Clarkesworld - Dan Dos Santos - Dave Langford - Delphyne Joan Woods - Denvention Two Reminiscence (Eshbach) - Dick Smith - Discon 1 Guide: WSFS - Don Maitz - Donald Tuck - Dune - Elinor Busby - Elizabeth Bear - Emily Pohl-Weary - Evelyn Leeper - Fan Writer - Farah Mendlesohn - File 770 - First Fandom Hall of Fame - Forrest J Ackerman - Foz Meadows - Frederik Pohl - Fritz Leiber - George "Lan" Laskowski - Hannes Bok - Harlan Ellison - Harry Warner, Jr. - History of the Hugos - History-of-the-hugos - Howard Tayler - Hugo - Hugo Award Nominee - Hugo Award nominee - Hugo Awards - Hugo Ballot - Hugo ballot - Hugo-award - Hugo-award-nominee - Hugo-awards - Hugo-ballot - ISFiC Press - Ian Gunn - International Fantasy Award - Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine - Jack Vance - James S. A. Corey - Jay Lake - Jeff Berkwits - John DeNardo - John Harris - John Hertz - Juanita Coulson - Julia Rios - Lodestar Award - Lynne M. Thomas - Martin Hoare - Mike Glyer - Nick Stathopoulos - Peggy Rae Sapienza - Pete Young - Richard E. Geis - Rog Phillips - Room 770 - SF Squeecast - Saladin Ahmed - Science Fiction Achievement Awards - Science-fiction-achievement-awards - Seiun Award - Spirits of Things Past - Ted Chiang - Ted White - Teddy Harvia - The First Hugos - The Mimeo Man - The-first-hugos - Their Equivalent in Other Media - Tom Veal - Ursa Major Awards - Walter M. Miller, Jr. - William Shunn

This is an award page. If you know something about it, such as who awarded it, who the winners were, what the criteria were, and when it was awarded, please add it!

Also- Alfie Awards - Chesley Award - First Fandom Hall of Fame - International Fantasy Award - Lodestar Award - Seiun Award - Ursa Major Awards