John W. Campbell, Jr.
(1910 -- July 11, 1971)
John W. Campbell, Jr. was an early sf writer, editor of Astounding from 1938 to 1971, principal creator of the Golden Age of SF, discoverer of Heinlein, Asimov, van Vogt, Sturgeon, and many other writers, great editor, opinionated crank, and all in all, probably the most important and influential person in the history of sf.
He is the main subject of the excellent 2018 biography Astounding, by Lee.
He wrote sf under the pennames of Don A. Stuart (taken from his then-wife's maiden name of Dona Stuart), and Karl van Campen. (As Don Stuart, he was a bit character in Rocket to the Morgue.) Probably his most important writing was done under the Don A. Stuart penname in the 30s. At a time when sf was still basically pulp adventure, he wrote stories which stand up well even today. Probably his most famous story is "Who Goes There?". Other significant Don A. Stuart stories include "Twilight" and "Forgetfulness".
Campbell was a huge correspondent, writing legendary letters to his writers critiquing their stories and often inspiring them. Perry Chapdelaine has published two volumes of the John W. Campbell Letters composed of letters by Campbell.
He attended the First Worldcon.
Awards, Honors and GoHships:
His list of Hugo nominations and wins is impressive, especially considering that by far the most important part of his career happened before the Hugos were instituted: Under his editorship, Astounding was nominated for Best Professional Magazine from 1953 to 1972, winning in 1953-1957, 1961, 1962, 1964, and 1965. In addition, he won the Best Professional Editor Retro Hugo all three times it was awarded, for 1946, 1951, and 1954.
- 1947 -- Philcon I
- 1954 -- SFCon
- 1957 -- Loncon
- 1963 -- 1963 Open ESFA
- 1966 -- Boskone 3
- 1968 -- Skylark Award
- 1971 -- Lunacon 14, First Fandom Hall of Fame Award
The Campbell Award is named after him. (It is for new writers, and reflects the enormous impact he had on the field through the discovery, development and encouragement of new writers.) There is also the John W. Campbell Memorial Award, which is different.
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